包装 价格 库存 - 促销价
50mL     RMB     0
Formic acid, eluent additives for LC-MS	甲酸,LC-MS添加物

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  • Mol. Formula: CH2O2
  • Mol. Weight: 46.03
  • Refractive index: 1.3690 to 1.3730
  • Autoignition Point: 1004 °F
  • Vapor Density: 1.6 (vs air)
  • Boiling Point: 100-101
  • Vapor Pressure: 44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)
  • Density: 1.22
  • Melting Point: 8
  • Flash Point: 57°C(lit.)
  • TSCA: Yes
  • Solubility: MISCIBLE
  • Stability: 对湿度敏感
Chemical NameFormic acid
Synonym
  • Kwas metaniowy
  • Kyselina mravenci
  • Formylic acid
  • 无水甲酸
  • 蚁酸
  • Ameisensaeure
  • 甲酸 溶液
  • Mierenzuur
  • Methanoic acid
  • 甲酸;
  • Acido formico
  • 甲酸
  • Acide formique
  • 甲酸, 85%
  • Formic acid
  • Aminic acid
  • RCRA waste number U123
  • 甲酸根,用于离子色谱标准液
  • Hydrogen carboxylic acid
MDL NumberMFCD00003297
CAS Number64-18-6
PubChem Substance ID 24900966
EC Number200-579-1
Beilstein Registry Number2(4)3
Merck Number4241
Chemical Name Translation甲酸
Reaxys-RN1209246
InChIKeyBDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Wiswesser Line NotationVHQ
LabNetwork Molecule IDLN00193468
GHS Symbol
WGK Germany1
Hazard statements
  • H226 Flammable liquid and vapour 易燃液体和蒸气
  • H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage 导致严重的皮肤灼伤和眼睛损伤
  • H331 Toxic if inhaled 吸入中毒
  • H302 Harmful if swallowed 吞食有害
  • H315 Causes skin irritation 会刺激皮肤
  • H319 Causes serious eye irritation 严重刺激眼睛
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Eyeshields, Gloves
  • Faceshields, full-face respirator (US), Gloves, Goggles, multi-purpose combination respirator cartridge (US), type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter
RTECSLQ4900000
Precautionary statements
  • P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. 吸收溢出物,防止重大损害。
  • P501 Dispose of contents/container to..… 处理内容物/容器.....
  • P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.? 只能在室外或通风良好的地方使用。
  • P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling. 处理后要彻底洗净双手。
  • P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. 戴防护手套/防护服/眼睛的保护物/面部保护物。
  • P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. 与地面接触/连接集装箱和接受设备。
  • P201 Obtain special instructions before use. 使用前获取专门指示。
  • P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 避免吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P303+361+353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower. 如果沾上皮肤(或头发):删除/立即脱掉所有被污染的衣服。清洗/淋浴冲洗皮肤。
  • P304+340+310
  • P305+351+338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. 如接触到眼睛:小心地用水冲洗几分钟。如果佩戴隐形眼镜并容易取出的话,取出隐形眼镜。继续冲洗。
  • P301+312+330
  • P280305+351+338310
  • P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking. 远离热源/火花/明火/热的表面。——禁止吸烟。
  • P403+233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. 存放在通风良好的地方。保持容器密闭。
  • P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. 不要吸入粉尘/烟/气体/烟雾/蒸汽/喷雾。
  • P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. 已阅读并理解所有的安全预防措施之前,切勿操作。
  • P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. 使用本产品时不要吃东西,喝水或吸烟。
  • P305+351+338+310
Signal word
Packing GroupII
UN Number
  • UN1779
Risk Statements
  • R10 Flammable 易燃
  • R34 Causes burns 会导致灼伤
  • R35 Causes severe burns 会导致严重灼伤
Safety Statements
Storage condition
  • 密封保存
  • 充氩保存
  • Hygroscopic
Hazard Codes
  • C
Hazard Class8/3
Warnings
  • 危化品目录(2015)
TYPE OF TEST : LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill ROUTE OF EXPOSURE : Inhalation SPECIES OBSERVED : Rodent - rat DOSE/DURATION : 15 gm/m3/15M TOXIC EFFECTS : Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea REFERENCE : GTPZAB Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher
TYPE OF TEST : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration ROUTE OF EXPOSURE
TYPE OF TEST : LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose ROUTE OF EXPOSURE : Intravenous SPECIES OBSERVED : Mammal - dog DOSE/DURATION : 3 gm/kg TOXIC EFFECTS : Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value REFERENCE : HBTXAC "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59 Volume(issue)/page/year: 1,146,1955
TYPE OF TEST : LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill ROUTE OF EXPOSURE : Inhalation SPECIES OBSERVED : Rodent - rat DOSE/DURATION : 15 gm/m3/15M TOXIC EFFECTS : Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea REFERENCE : GTPZAB Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. (V/O Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga, 113095 Moscow, USSR) V.1-36, 1957-1992. For publisher information, see MTPEEI Volume(issue)/page/year: 23(12),49,1979
TYPE OF TEST : LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose ROUTE OF EXPOSURE : Intravenous SPECIES OBSERVED : Rodent - rabbit DOSE/DURATION : 239 mg/kg TOXIC EFFECTS : Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value REFERENCE : HBTXAC "Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Sa
TYPE OF TEST : Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction ROUTE OF E
TYPE OF TEST : Mutation test systems - not otherwise specified TEST SYSTEM : Non-mammalian species Cells - not otherwise specified DOSE/DURATION : 100 mmol/L REFERENCE : CAANAT Comptes Rendus de l'Association des Anatomistes. (Nancy, France) V.1-56, 1899-1972. For publisher information, see ANOBAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 56,712,1972
TYPE OF TEST : Cytogenetic analysis TEST SYSTEM : Rodent - hamster Ovary DOSE/DURATION : 10 mmol/L REFERENCE : MUREAV Mutation Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1- 1964- Volume(issue)/page/year: 240,195,1990
TYPE OF TEST : Sex chromosome loss and nondisjunction ROUTE OF EXPOSURE : Inhalati
TYPE OF TEST : Mutation in microorganisms TEST SYSTEM : Bacteria - Escherichia coli DOSE/DURATION : 70 ppm/3H REFERENCE : AMNTA4 American Naturalist. (Univ. of Chicago Press, Journals Div., POB 37005, Chicago, IL 60637) V.1- 1867- Volume(issue)/page/year: 85,119,1951
TYPE OF TEST : Phage inhibition capacity TEST SYSTEM : Bacteria - Escherichia coli DOSE/DURATION : 100 mmol/L REFERENCE : MDMIAZ Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia. For English translation, see EXMMAV. (Ars Polona, POB 1001, 00-068 Warsaw 1, Poland) V.1- 1949- Volume(issue)/page/year: 31,11,1979
TYPE OF TEST : Cytogenetic analysis TEST SYSTEM : Non-mammalian species Cells - not otherwise specified DOSE/DURATION : 100 mmol/L REFERENCE : CAANAT Comptes Rendus de l'Association des Anatomistes. (Nancy, France) V.1-56, 1899-1972. For publisher information, see ANOBAU. Volume(issue)/page/year: 56,712,19
  • 还原剂,测定砷、铋、铝、铜、金、铟、铁、铅、锰、汞、钼、银和锌等,检定铈,铼和钨,检验芳香族伯胺和仲胺,测定分子量及结晶的溶剂,测定甲氧基,显微分析中用作固定剂,制造甲酸盐类。
  • In the presence of Raney nickel alloy, reduces aromatic nitriles to aldehydes in high yield: J. Chem. Soc., 5775 (1965); for list of examples, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 6, 631 (1988).
  • Merck: 14,4241 Beilstein:2(4)3
  • Merck: 14,4241
  • Dehydration with sulfuric acid can be used to generate CO in situ. Subsequent reaction with tertiary carbocations gives the corresponding carboxylic acid (the Koch-Haaf carboxylation). For examples, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 5, 20, 739 (1973); improved procedure: Synth. Commun., 19, 1945 (1989). 1,4-Diols in which one alcohol is tertiary give -lactones: Che
  • Used in combination with formaldehyde in the Eschweiler-Clarke reductive methylation of amines, the formic acid acting as a hydride donor. Review: Org. React., 5, 290 (1949). For an example, see: Org. Synth. Coll., 3, 723 (1955).
  • In combination with Selenium(IV)­ oxide, 12358, improved results have been obtained in the allylic oxidation of sterically-hindered olefins: Synth. Commun., 24, 29213 (1994).
  • Instead of the unstable formic anhydride, formylations may be carried out with formic acid and acetic anhydride to generate the mixed acetic formic anhydride in situ. For a review, see: Tetrahedron, 46, 1081 (1990). This reagent has been used for the deoxygenation of tertiary amine oxides: Chem. Lett., 1517 (1985).
  • Cleaves trityl groups selectively in the presence of benzylidene acetals or TBDMS ethers: T
  • Hydrogen donor, in combination with Pd on carbon, in catalytic transfer hydrogenations; see, e.g.: Selective reduction of dinitroarenes to nitroanilines: J. Org. Chem., 45, 4992 (1980). Dehalogenation of aryl halides: Synthesis, 876 (1982). Hydrogenation of aromatic rings: Tetrahedron Lett., 33, 7477 (1992). See also Palladium, A12012, Cyclohexene, A11359, and Ammonium formate, A10699. For a comparative mechanistic study of formic acid and formate salts in hydrogenolysis of aryl chlorides, see: J. Org. Chem., 60, 1347 (1995).
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